Developmental Milestones For 3-4 Year Old

Children develop the fastest from birth to 5 years old. These changes take place across various domains of development i.e.

  1. Cognitive
  2. Physical (Fine and Gross Motor)
  3. Socio-emotional and
  4. Language.

Most children follow a certain pattern of growth and development or achieve certain skills/abilities at a particular stage in development. These are called developmental milestones. However, it is important to note that every child grows and develops at their own pace, and might achieve a few milestones faster or slower than usual. If you feel concerned about your child not achieving a milestone, contact your pediatrician or speak to our expert.

Did you know?

90% of a child’s brain development happens by the age of 6?

Cognitive Development:

  • Begins to engage in more complex play (e.g. toys having buttons, levers, and moving parts, board or card games).
  • Continues to engage in make-believe play with dolls, toys, animals, and people. 
  • Often finds it difficult to differentiate between real and imaginary. 
  • Solves puzzles with 3 or 4 pieces and can move to 8 piece puzzles as the year progresses.
  • Builds towers with 6 blocks or more. 
  • Understands what it means ‘to count’ and counts up to 5. Might count up to 10 by 4 years of age.
  • Begins to recognize written numerals “0” to “9”.
  • Begins to use one to one correspondence i.e. while counting items in a group, will be able to use one number word to tell how many are there (e.g. “1, 2, 3, 4” –  “4” candies).
  • Begins to develop some understanding of time (e.g. after day, there is night).
  • Understands the concepts of ‘big’ and ‘small’, ‘same’ and ‘different’. 
  • Classifies and sorts objects based on any one characteristic at a time (e.g. “all the red blocks” or “all the circles”).
  • Begins to copy shapes, capital letters, etc.  
  • Tries to draw human figures (might include a big head/face, straight body and stick limbs).
  • Tries to predict things that will happen (e.g. might say what they think is going to happen next in a story).
  • Memory improves (e.g. Remembers certain events, parts of a story, etc.)
  • Says full name and age.
  • Has a better attention span; concentrates on a task for about 8-10 minutes, as long as it is interesting.

Physical Development:

  • Gains better control over gross motor abilities like running, climbing, jumping, riding a tricycle, etc. (jumping might still be a little difficult).
  • Stands on tip-toes.
  • Gets better at rolling, bouncing, throwing and catching, although catching still can be difficult.
  • Finger dexterity improves and allowing them to hold and manipulate objects better (e.g. using tools like scissors, holding crayons with fingers rather than fists, shaping clay into balls, snakes, etc.) 
  • Washes and dries hands on little to no support.
  • Stacks up to 10 blocks.
  • Continues to turn one page of a book at a time.
  • Unscrews and screws on lids on jars and turns doorknobs more easily.
  • Draws a human figure with 2 to 4 body parts.
  • Easily draws straight lines and copies shapes like circles, squares, etc.
  • Dresses and undresses self without assistance (except for buttons and laces). 
  • Feeds self well, using a spoon.
  • Has all 20 primary teeth (“baby teeth”).
  • Has a vision close to 20/20.
  • Gains control over bladder and bowel movements (some might still be developing control).

Socio-emotional Development:

  • Imitates friends and adults. 
  • Displays a broader range of emotions. 
  • Begins to separate from parents easily. 
  • Talks about likes and interests.
  • Has fewer episodes of temper tantrums.
  • Begins to express feelings in a socially acceptable manner.
  • Begins to recognize the causes of feelings.
  • Understands the idea of “mine” and “his” or “hers”.
  • Might get upset if there are major changes in routine. 
  • Might display a fear of things like the dark, monsters under the bed, etc.
  • Learns to take turns in games. 
  • Shows genuine affection or concern for friends (without prompting).  
  • Can get very creative with make-believe play.
  • Enjoys playing with other children rather than alone.
  • Shows cooperation when with other children. 
  • Seeks adult assistance in case of conflicts.

Language Development:

  • Says their first name, age, and gender (boy/girl).
  • Names friends.
  • Begins to use pronouns like “I,” “me,” “he”, “she”, “we,” and “you”.
  • Begins to use plurals  (cats, dogs, etc.) 
  • Uses 2-3 sentences while engaging in conversation.
  • Recites or sings simple rhymes or songs from memory. 
  • Tries to tell stories.  
  • Continues to build vocabulary and can say around 500-900 words.
  • Speech becomes more clear and can be understood by others.
  • Begins to use words like “please”, “thank you”, etc.
  • Often uses their own name to refer to themself.
  • Begins to initiate conversations.
  • Begins to learn letters (will know to speak rather than read letters). 
  • Begins to make letter-like scribbles, might join them to make mock words. 
  • Might ask adults to write down what they dictate.

Feeding and Sleeping Information:

  • Might have a total of 11-13 hours sleep include an afternoon nap (approx. 1-2 hours) (This usually remains consistent throughout the preschool phase and decreases as they get ready for school)

Did you know?

Research reveals that – every $1 invested in an early childhood program can yield $4-$16 in returns.

Helps your child achieve the above milestones through simple at home activities for 3 years old. Subscribe to Jyppzer Kids Plan Today!

Please enable JavaScript in your browser to complete this form.